Early Jurist and Hadith transmitter
Hijri Unkown-98 (AH); Common Era Unkown-717 (CE)
Amrah bint Abdur-Rahman was a pupil of Aisha bint Abu Bakr, the Prophet’s wife and an influential hadith transmitter. Armah was also the granddaughter of one of the Prophet’s companions, Asad ibn Zararah Ansari. Amrah is known for having had the best knowledge of the hadith passed down to her from Aisha. Amrah had a special relationship with Aisha; it was believed she acted as Aisha’s secretary and was responsible for all correspondence. With her extensive knowledge, Amrah was considered an authoritative voice of hadith and overrode many other male scholars during this period. For example, the Judge of Madinah ruled in a case involving a Christian thief from Syria who had stolen something. The judge had ordered that his hand to be severed. When Amrah bint Abdur Rahman heard of this decision, she immediately told one of her students to go tell the judge that he cannot severe the man's hand because he had stolen something whose value was less than a single gold coin (dinar). As soon as he heard what Amrah had said, he ordered that the man be released, unharmed. He did not question her authority, nor did he seek a second opinion from other scholars, who were quite numerous in Madinah at the time. This incident is recorded in the Muwatta' of Imam Malik, and this ruling is also his opinion in such cases. Later in her life, Amrah was often relied upon by Islamic scholars to provide reliable hadith, and she was classified as a jurist and scholar. She died at the age of 77.